Promoting E-waste Recycling Business in Asia
Japan is in fact a resource-rich country
Metal resources have long played a crucial role in the development of society. As their depletion is becoming a major issue worldwide, Japan, a country with few natural resources, is drawing close attention. What is in focus are “urban mines,” a term for the stock of electronic waste, such as home appliances and electronic devices containing valuable materials. Waste home electronics, such as TVs, refrigerators, personal computers and mobile phones, contain iron, copper, and many other precious metals and rare metals. It is estimated that 1 ton of PCs contains more gold than 17 tons of gold ore. If these metals can be effectively recovered, the heaps of e-waste will be as much a prospective source of resources as traditional mines.
Urban mines in Japan are said to contain 6,800 tons of gold, which is equal to about 16% of global gold reserves, and 60,000 tons of silver, or around 22% of global silver reserves. Beyond these, some estimate that Japan has over 10% of the global reserve of indium (15.5%; 1,700 tons) and tin (11%; 66,000 tons), suggesting that Japan is one of the most resource-rich countries in terms of urban mines.
Piles of waste home appliances.
E-waste recycling business to make effective use of urban mines
In Japan, the Law for Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances, the so-called Home Appliance Recycling Law, was enforced in April 2001. The law requires that TVs, refrigerators, washing machines and air conditioners should no longer be disposed of as landfill, but collected, subject to fees. Accordingly, mechanisms to recover useful resources from these four types of home appliances through recycling have been developed. Recently, such initiatives are expanding to cover smaller home appliances, including mobile phones, digital cameras and game consoles.
Sumitomo Corporation aims to take the advanced recycling systems of Japan overseas, primarily into fast-growing Asian countries. Our objective for the future is to start an e-waste recycling business for advanced resource recycling, which effectively collects home electronics disposed of by households, including not only TVs, refrigerators, washing machines, and air conditioners, but also mobile phones and PCs, and factory production scrap materials (printed circuit boards, etc.) from electronics manufacturers, and appropriately processes these collected materials imposing minimal environmental impact.
Tianjin Dowa Green Angel Summit Recycling’s factory for processing waste home appliances was completed in April 2011.
Recycling of waste home appliances in Tianjin City and Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
In recent years, China has also been showing enthusiasm toward the recycling of waste home appliances. In light of recent economic growth, China is facing an urgent need to develop a mechanism for collecting and processing through recycling waste home appliances as more and more people buy home appliances or replace them with higher-end products. In January 2011, the country enforced an ordinance on the collection, processing and management of waste electric/electronic products, a Chinese version of the Home Appliance Recycling Law, which covers five items: TVs, refrigerators, washing machines, air conditioners and personal computers.
Taking the opportunity of the enforcement of the ordinance,in Tianjin City, which has long had a friendly relationship with Sumitomo Corporation, Tianjin Dowa Green Angel Summit Recycling Co., Ltd. was established in May 2010 as a joint venture between Dowa Eco-System Co., Ltd., which has considerable experience of e-waste recycling, and Tianjin Green Angel Renewable Resource Recovery Co., Ltd., which is engaged in the collection of waste home electronics. The joint venture started its operation in April 2011. It plans to improve its processing capacity to 800,000 units per year in the future.
In addition, Panasonic DADI DOWA Summit Recycling Hangzhou Co., Ltd. was established in November 2011 in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province as a joint venture among Panasonic Corporation of China (a wholly owned subsidiary of Panasonic Corporation), Hangzhou DADI Environmental Protection Engineering Co., Ltd. (China’s major recycling company), and Dowa Eco-System Co., Ltd. It aims to achieve processing capacity of 1 million units per year.
Waste home appliances are dismantled with dedicated equipment and by hand. The components are carefully sorted into numerous categories.
Leading China’s resource recycling with advanced technologies
In the e-waste recycling business, effectively sorting the resources reclaimed from waste home appliances and electronic devices by type is crucial. It is also indispensable to establish processing methods with minimal environmental impact, for example, appropriate treatment of wastewater and unusable waste generated from the processing operations, and the collection and destruction of CFCs that damage the ozone layer and contribute to global warming.
Japan launched initiatives for the recycling of home appliances ten years earlier than China, and therefore has established the technologies and methods required. Tianjin Dowa Green Angel Summit Recycling will implement these advanced technologies from Japan to promote an efficient and environmental impact free e-waste recycling business, ahead of competitors in China.
To that end, Sumitomo Corporation will use its abundant expertise in business operations to establish a business model for Tianjin Dowa Green Angel Summit Recycling and Panasonic DADI DOWA Summit Recycling Hangzhou, and support the company in smoothly launching its activities. We will make the most of Sumitomo Corporation’s extensive networks in selecting purchasers that can add value to the resources, and develop and implement strategies for overall sales and marketing.
Pieces of copper wire recovered from television sets.
To be an Asia’s major environmental recycling operator by 2020
The e-waste recycling market is likely to achieve dramatic growth and its global market is expected to reach 20 billion-dollar scale by 2020. To meet the tremendous needs, we will launch e-waste recycling businesses in other parts of China and various locations in Asia, based on the results accomplished in Tianjin City as well as in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China.
Sumitomo Corporation aims to be a leading company in the environmental recycling business in Asia, which we can proudly show to children, the future leaders in the next generation, and contribute to solving environmental issues and promoting recycling-oriented society.
Economically booming Tianjin City in China. Resource saving is emphasized in the government’s five-year plan.
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